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The Battle of Ajnadayn is perhaps the best example of this form of psychological warfare. Umar is said to have praised him in these words: Jn have won and got away safely. At the age of five or six, he returned to his parents in Mecca.

14.Story of Hazrat Khalid ibn al-Walid (Khalid bin Walid). Urdu & Hindi

Khalid entered lower Mesopotamia with this force. During his childhood Khalid suffered a mild attack of smallpox, which he survived, but it left some pockmarks on his left cheek. Wikipedia pending changes protected pages Articles containing Arabic-language text All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from October Bkn articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January CS1 errors: However, when he went to Abu Ubaida, he told him that he had been dismissed on the order of Umar and is required to go back to Medina.

The Christian Arabs, under this overwhelming response, abandoned the siege and hastily withdrew to Jazira. In the third century A. Then Muhammad very affectionally told to Khalid:. He was a better judge of men than I have been “. Abu Qatada Ansari, a companion of Muhammad, who accompanied Khalid from Medina was so shocked at Malik’s murder by Khalid that he immediately returned to Medina, and told Abu Bakr that he refused to serve under a commander who had killed a Muslim.

Khalid utilized his better understanding of terrain in every possible way to gain strategic superiority over his enemies. Walid was known in Mecca by the title of al-Waheed – “the Loner”. rudu

An example of Khalid’s strategic maneuverability was his advance into Roman Syria. He did this, [27] [28] killing a woman Muhammad claimed was Al Uzza. By then, nearly all of lower Mesopotamia, the northern Euphrates regionwas under Khalid’s control. Battle of Iron Bridge. Hazart Historian Al-Tabari said:. One of Khalid’s major achievements in this context was utilizing the individual skills of Arab Bedouin warriors to a larger scale.

In other projects Wikiquote. Khalid was born c. Khalid was recognized and eventually, Umar came and Jerusalem surrendered in April After the yazrat of Muhammad, many powerful Arab tribes broke away in open revolt against the rule of Medina. Instead, Bilal ibn Ribah was appointed for this task and called back Khalid from Chalcis to Emessa, where he was charged publicly. Two of his armies were routed first waledd Yaqusa in mid-August and the other at Maraj as-Saffar on 19 August.

Upon his death, he bequeathed his property to Umar and made him the executor of his will inn estate. After the battle, Umar ordered the ahzrat of Jazira which was completed by late summer Khalid hszrat stabilized the battle lines for that day, and during the night his men retreated back to Arabia. Some officers of his army—including Abu Qatadah—believed that Khalid killed Malik to take his wife. Khalid’s tombstone depicts a list of over 50 victorious battles that he commanded without defeat not including small battles.

A small Muslim Arab army confronts a larger joint force consisting of elements from the Byzantine Empire and allied Christian Arabs. Umar himself marched from Medina ahead of 1, men. Muhammad also sent Khalid on an expedition to Dumatul Jandalto attack the Christian Prince Ukaydir who lived in a castle there. The Byzantine army was eventually defeated at the Battle of Fahl on the night 23 January Catching the Byzantines off guard, he quickly kkhalid several towns, virtually cutting off the communications of the Byzantine army at Ajnadayn with its high command at Emesawhere emperor Heraclius himself resided.

If he confessed to having used the spoils, he was guilty of misappropriation. After Muhammad’s death, he played a key role in commanding Medinan forces for Abu Bakr in the Ridda warsconquering central Arabia and subduing Arab tribes.

Khalid ibn al-Walid – Wikipedia

The Women of Madina pp. Archived from the original on 27 September The Commanders of Muslim Army. In order to save the empire from annihilation, a desperate battle was fought between the Muslim army and that of the defenders of Antioch outside the city near Orontes riverpopularly known as Battle of Iron bridge.

However, Umar’s recall of Khalid was largely related to the Muslim population’s belief in Khalid being irreplaceable. Caliph Abu Bakr sent his armies to counter the rebels and apostates. Umar wanted Abu Ubaida to ask Khalid from what funds he gave to Ash’as: The three leading clans of Quraysh at that time were Banu HashimBanu Abd ad-Dar and Banu Makhzum, the latter clan being responsible for ib matters of warfare.

He converted to Islamand joined Muhammad after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and participated in various expeditions for him, such as the Battle of Mu’tahwhich was the first battle between mhalid Romans and the Muslims.

It was composed of highly trained and seasoned soldiers, the majority of whom had been histogy Khalid’s standard during his Arabian and Persian campaigns. He immediately wrote a letter to Abu Ubaidah asking him to bring Khalid in front of the congregation, his turban, and take off his cap. Thou art an infidel’s enemy’s now. In he participated in the farewell hajj of Muhammad.

Khalid ibn al-Walid

Khalid, gave a pledge of loyalty to the new caliph and continued service as an ordinary commander under Abu Ubaidah. Khalid ibn al-Walid decisively defeats a larger Byzantine army under Heraclius in his final battle against the Byzantine Empire, conquering northern Syria and southern Turkey. You must understand, O Khalid, that when the Messenger of Allah Muhammadon whom be the hrdu of Allah and peace, named you Sword of Allahhe predetermined that you would not fall in battle.

Hostory Damascus, Thomas, son-in-law of Byzantine Emperor Heracliuswas in charge of the city’s defense. After the Battle of Mu’tah, Khalid was given the title Sword of God for bringing back his army to fight another day.