Jajmani system is a socio-economic institution of the pre-industrial self-subsistent village economy. The term ‘jajmani’ is derived from a Vedic term ‘Yajman’. Jajmani system is a system of traditional occupational obligations. Castes in early India were economically interdependent on one another. The traditional. 28 Jun Jajmani system, (Hindi: deriving from the Sanskrit yajamana, “sacrificial patron who employs priests for a ritual”) reciprocal social and economic.

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Profit in jajmani system of sacrifice and substitution of money for service further weakened the jajmani system. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.

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Not much of the village economy is now carried on through jajmani arrangements. At the same time, the sanctions permit that the kamin may not perform the required services and the jajmani system also may take away land rented jajmani system granted to kamin. The patron looks after all those families that work for him.

The significance in this jajman-kamin relationship is that the jajman is syste, to give concessions in the form of free food, free clothing, rent-free lands, etc.

Jajmani System in Indian Caste System: Definition, Function and Other Details

The first detailed study of Jajmani tradition in India was made by William H. Jajmani systemHindi: Ishwaran has said, that it is a system in which each caste has a role to play in a community life as a whole. Caste solidarity prevails over loyalties to jajmani associates.

In Vetti-chakiri and Begar lower castes have only had obligations jajmani system duties to render free services to jajmani system upper caste community also called as Vetti or Vetti chakiri. It could be said that the Jajmani system is a system of distribution whereby high caste jajmani system owning families are provided services and products of jajmani system lower castes such as Khati CarpenterNai BarberKumhars PottersLobars BlacksmithsDhobi Washer manSweeper Chuhra etc.

Because of these relations, the village emerges as a unified body, where the patrons organize rituals and activities that symbolically affect the unity of the village. There jajmani system exploitation and coercion. The overall picture is that those jajmani system receive the largest number of services are the ones who are expected to care the most for the welfare of the village.

The caste councils have the power to punish the jajmans and kamins, if they commit any mistake. From Wikipedia, the free jajmani system.

At most it may be said that amount of money given by jajmans to kamins is rather jajmani system in the present age which compels them to seek cash income from jajmani system sources. According to Harold Gould, these lower castes make their own jajmani arrangements either through direct exchange of labour or by paying in cash or kind. It may thus be asserted that in the jajmani system, the jajman status neither coincides with a landlord class, a xystem caste or the like nor does syetem depend upon membership in any particular social group but upon the possession of land, or access to the produce from land by whatever means.

The jajmani system castes are called Kamins while the castes served are jajmani system Jajmans.

Gould has said that an analysis of the sysstem system which sees it as a component jajmani system a feudal order seems unwarranted. They also make groups in which the lower division is bound to work for their jajmani system people for food or financial expenses.

Because of all these factors, zystem jajmani system has been largely supplanted in many villages while in some it has completely disappeared. Jun 28, See Article History. Some intellectuals opine that there jajmani system no force or coercion involved in the jajmani system.

jajmani system | Characteristics & Facts |

It was never the exclusive means. The relationship between them must be like that of a father and a son. They become helpless before the money power of their Jajmans. They were interested in jajmani system taxes and using them jajmani system war of territorial expansion or to lead a luxurious life. It was gradually that its use was made common to jajmani system who hired services or to whom the services were given. How is the jajmam system related to other systems? The challange in the jajmani system came when India was under the British rule.

The families that provide services are known as Kamin, Systemm Karney waley or Kamgars workers. You must be logged in to post a comment.

It serves to maintain the Indian village as a self-sufficing unit.