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LEY 186-07 PDF

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The French Codes of were adopted as the codes of the Dominican Republic, in their original language, with the modifications set forth by the Constitution, and the Spanish system of courts established during the colonial era were maintained.

Supreme Court of Justice 2. They regulate the pollution of soil, water and air; dangerous substances; municipal and housing wastes, sound pollution; and leg concession of rights for the use of natural resources, and delimits regions within the country lsy be protected. With amendments, this Code is still largely in effect today. This new law provides for mandatory and universal coverage for all Dominican nationals and foreigners residing in the Dominican Republic against risks of aging, disability, unemployment, sickness, maternity and childbirth, and labor risks.

See the Code updated through The French codification remained in effect until Spanish translations of the five French codes were promulgated in This Act regulates the origin and conservation of data messages, and digital documents grating them legal value; establishes the requirements for the certification ,ey and regulates the certificates of digital signatures issued by the certification entities.

It supports a population of The main laws and regulations governing energy are: Most notable leh the reforms to the criminal and land jurisdictions. Supreme Court of Justice. The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over any cause of action brought against the President, the Vice President, or other public officials, as designated in the Constitution.

The Constitution defines the system of government of the Dominican Republic as being civilian, republican, democratic and representative [6] and describes the State as social and democratic [7] founded on the respect for the human dignity, fundamental rights, labor, popular sovereignty and separation of powers.

Monetary and Financial Code 3. See the Commercial Code updated through Law No. The President of the Republic, the Supreme Court of Justice in judicial matters, the Central Electoral Board in electoral matters, also may introduce legislation in either house of the Congress.

UPDATE: Guide to Legal Research in the Dominican Republic – GlobaLex

The powers of the government are divided into three independent branches: Thereafter the new republic was subjected to a long power struggle between those who wanted to remain independent The Blues and those who supported the annexation of the country to France, Spain or the United States The Reds.

Unfortunately, this effort was not continued and the country still does not have a law reporting system distinct from the Official Gazette. Only one judge presides on each Court of Peace.

The General Health Law No. For recent amendments to the Code, and new enacted laws see under tax legislation Leyes Tributarias. This code is still in force. Structure of the Government. The Ministry of Labor Ministerio de Trabajo is the state agency responsible for overseeing the compliance of these regulations. It was modeled after the Philippines and Australian Torrens system, and remains in effect today.

The Monetary Board, the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic and the Superintendence of Banking are the state agencies responsible for regulating and supervising the financial and monetary sector of the Dominican Republic. Bythe Dominican Republic had adopted thirty-five constitutional amendments. Executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic who is elected with the Vice-President by direct vote for a four-year term.

This text of the Criminal Code also includes in extensor Act No. The Constitution, enacted at the conclusion of the civil war of Aprilprovided the necessary legal basis to ensure democratic stabilization of the country. It occupies 48, square kilometers, making it the second largest island of the Greater Antilles after Cuba. There are several bookstores specializing in Dominican legal materials, among which are: Any senator or deputy may introduce legislation in either house.

The Official Gazette and the Judicial Bulletin were published without interruption during these years, and for more than 30 years, the basic laws underwent only minor modifications, despite the fact that the Dominican Republic was growing threefold in size. On February 9Law No.

The legal system reflects the influence of successive occupancy of the island by foreign nations. The first Constitution of the Dominican Republic was promulgated inimmediately after the nation achieved independence from Haiti. The various ministries and decentralized government offices, such as the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic, may issue resolutions and norms which are also binding. The court expands to a bench of three judges for cases involving crimes, which are liable for punishment by incarceration greater than two years.

Delgado, The Legal System supra note 2, at The constitutional reform of June 13,let Article of the Constitution to allow once more the reelection of the President for a following consecutive term.

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The President promulgates and publishes laws and resolutions passed by Congress, and he has the constitutional authority under Article 1b of the Constitution, to issue decrees, regulations and instructions which are binding. On February 10,the code of criminal procedure was further modified by Law No.

With modifications, lley Code is still largely in effect today.

Once a bill is approved, it is sent to the President of the Republic for promulgation and subsequent publication in the form established by law. Judicial Power is exercised by the Supreme Court of Justice as well as by other courts created by the Constitution or by enacted laws.

Primary Sources of Law 3.